Last SCOR publications

Environment / Climate change

Water Risks
(Contribution of SCOR experts in an external publication)​Water risks constitute major challenges – both in terms of…
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Uncertainty partition challenges the predictability of vital details of climate change
(Contribution from a SCOR expert to an external publication) Decision makers and consultants are particularly interested in…
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Climate Risk Modelling - with awareness of economic, climate and policy related issues
In the context of COP21 taking place in December 2015 in Paris, this FOCUS publication on “Climate…
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The long run discount rate controversy
The choice of the rate at which one should discount the long-term benefits of mitigating climate change…
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EU regulation of greenhouse gas emissions: what solutions can insurance companies offer industry?
Restrictions on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions imposed by European Regulations are being tightened. As of 2013 (beginning…
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Ecological discounting
Which rates should we use to discount costs and benefits of different natures at different time horizons?…
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Assurance construction décennale et développement durable : un défi sur le long terme
To receive an electronic paper of this publication, please contact us. Focus SGPC
Climate change management: how to transform threat into opportunities for the Re/Insurance industry
Reinsurance, by its very nature, aims to identify, analyse, assess and model risks to provide risk management…
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Government institutions have responsibilities to distribute risk management funds meaningfully and to be accountable for their choices.…
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Intense climate-related natural disasters—floods, storms, as well as droughts and heat waves—have been on the rise worldwide.…
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This report reviews trends and progress on climate change mitigation policies in 34 OECD countries and 10…
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Climate change is one of the defining issues of our time. It is now more certain than…
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This report examines the state of corporate reporting and associated SEC comment letters on climate change. It…
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This study aims to estimate the range of potential economic impacts of climate change for specific sectors…
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"Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis" is the contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth…
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This document provides guidance on what forest managers should consider in assessing vulnerability, risk, mitigation options, and…
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Testimony of Franklin W. Nutter, President of Reinsurance Association of America before United States Senate Committee on…
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This publication covers the first decade of the 21st century and aims at providing a decadal perspective…
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The past century of commerce and warfare has left a legacy of thousands of sunken vessels along…
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The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates the nature, magnitude, and likelihood of risks to human health…
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  The standard approach to the economics of climate change, which has its best known implementation in…
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The selection of climate policies should be an exercise in risk management reflecting the many relevant sources…
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Climate change affects the mean and variability of weather conditions and the frequency of extreme events, which…
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Challenges and opportunities for cities together with supportive national and European policies.
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While regional countries are driving the global "green growth" agenda, policymakers are facing a new economic reality…
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It is an undisputed fact that weather risk increases over time due to climate change. However, qualification…
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Development planners and project managers have used a wide variety of tools to manage a broad range…
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Despite the threat of rising sea levels, the drive to develop Florida's coastline continues.   Mark Schrope…
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Donatella Porrini The Geneva Papers (2007), 33
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The purpose of this paper is to identify the regulatory, community and industry initiatives required to adapt…
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Six case studies designed to assist countries to adapt to current and future climate risks have been…
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Martin Whittaker (2000) The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance  No: 25 (4) 
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The threat of large-scale natural disasters and climate is growing across the world, leaving nations increasingly exposed…
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Multisectoral partnerships are increasingly being mentioned as a mechanism to deliver and improve disaster risk management. Yet,…
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Insurance as a key component of climate risk management strategiesIt is clear from the explicit inclusion of…
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In December 2015, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal at the COP21…
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Global warming leads to more and more-intense disasters, such as storms, flooding and droughts. The low and…
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Partant des retours d’expérience des 25 dernières années et des perspectives des 25 prochaines, ce Livre blanc…
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Synthèse de l’étude changement climatique et assurance L’augmentation de la fréquence et de l’intensité des aléas naturels…
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This article provides an overview of the potential implications of climate change for the financial management of…
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As our cities have grown, so has their vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters. The growth…
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The report’s objective is to provide a framework for considering the risks arising from climate change through…
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Climate change is widely expected to increase weather related damage and the insurance claims that result from…
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This paper study how uncertainty, risk aversion, and financial insurance influence climate systems in a production economy…
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Insurance plays a fundamental role in enhancing societal and economic resilience to disasters, but the industry faces…
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This article explores the role of insurance as substitute for direct regulation of risks posed by severe…
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Cette note dresse un bref état des lieux des risques climatiques et de leur évolution potentielle pour…
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One view of the potential impact of climate change on insurance is that the industry would be…
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Using the example of South-African insurer Santam this report portrays how climatic shifts can lead to business…
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Water is a key input in the production of many goods and services and under certain conditions…
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Climate change has already resulted in climate-related extreme events of greater frequency and/or intensity. This, along with…
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This paper outlines what environmental systemic risk is and why it is an issue of increasing importance.…
What role can insurance play in reducing carbon emissions and in boosting our resiliency to climate change?This…
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Key to achieving climate resilience is access to sound risk assessment, management and transfer. The insurance industry…
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There is new, robust evidence that the global oceans have warmed significantly. Given that energy from the…
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This report takes a series of environmental liability scenarios based on claims that have actually occurred and in…
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Businesses today are reaching for opportunities by expanding operations in emerging markets around the world. Many will…
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This brief paper proposes an analytical method for estimating the economic value of forest ecosystems in supplying…
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The combined influences of a change in climate patterns and the increased concentration of property and economic…
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This report aims to synthesize the extensive and rapidly growing body of knowledge on climate and climate…
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This article presents a summary of findings and recommendations from an Australian research project funded by the…
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Because many municipalities self-insure, they cannot address climate adaptation through negotiations over policy terms with their own…
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Insurers have relied on historical data to design weather insurance contracts. In light of climate change, we…
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This report is a result of the research partnership between the Santam Group, WWF, University of Cape…
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The combined influences of a change in climate patterns and the increased concentration of property and economic…
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The combined influences of a change in climate and the increased concentration of property and economic activity…
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As populations grow, so too does the demand on marine resources whether for fishing, resource extraction, or…
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As defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, adaptation includes a set of actions to moderate…
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It is just as important and urgent to take measures — particularly disaster risk reduction measures —…
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A 152-pages report from the Geneva Association, adressing: The relevance of insurance to climate-sensitive economic development Physical…
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In this paper we explore why adaptation to climate change is such a critical issue to the…
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A vanguard of insurers is adapting its business model to the realities of climate change. In many…
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Adapting to climate change will not only require responding to the physical effects of global warming, but…
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The IPCC 2007 report noted that both the frequency and strength of hurricanes, floods and droughts have…
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Using a structural model of the interactions between governments, firms and insurance companies, we characterize the distortions…
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Large-scale disasters have occurred at an accelerated rhythm in the past 5 years. Further, the continuous increase…
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Weather and climate are « core business » for the insurance industry. Many extreme weather events such as cyclones,…
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Research reveals that liberals and conservatives in the United States diverge about their beliefs regarding climate change.…
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Sea level has been steadily rising over the past century, predominantly due to anthropogenic climate change. The…
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This paper examines the determinants of climate related disasters and attempts to estimate the presence of adaptive…
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Intense climate-related natural disasters—floods, storms, as well as droughts and heat waves—have been on the rise worldwide.…
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Alors que la COP 21 s'est donné comme objectif la conclusion d'un accord limitant les émissions de…
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The London Assembly Economy Committee report ‘Weathering the Storm’, looks into the impact of climate change on…
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This third report in the Turn Down the Heat series covers three World Bank regions: Latin America…
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Four environmental dimensions of energy security—climate change, air pollution, water availability and quality, and land-use change—and the…
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Field observations in Central Asia indicate that the climate has been warming and the consequences of this…
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The U.S. faces significant and diverse economic risks from climate change. The signature effects of human-induced climate…
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This paper contributes a theory for understanding the challenges of severe climate risks for local credit markets,…
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Linking environmental, socioeconomic and health datasets provides new insights into the potential associations between climate change and…
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We investigate the impact of climatic change on welfare in European regions using a hedonic travel-cost framework…
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Utilizing theory and empirical insights from psychology and behavioral economics, this paper examines individuals’ cognitive and motivational…
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When we examine the full costs of public programs that pay for disaster relief and recovery from…
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Estimates of the impacts of observed climate change during the 20th century obtained by different integrated assessment…
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Adaptation is the only strategy that is guaranteed to be part of the world's climate strategy. Using…
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Utilizing findings from psychology and behavioral economics, this paper proposes strategies that reduce individuals’ cognitive and motivational…
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Full text in English only. Executive summaries in Arabic, French, Portuguese and Spanish.
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The report argues that the insurance sector can play a key role in determining which future the…
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This is the third annual report issued by the Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre and covers…
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The frequency of intense floods and storms is increasing globally and in Asia and the Pacific amid…
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This paper uses a vote-counting procedure to estimate the probability density function of the total economic impact…
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Climate change will affect health in most countries in Asia and the Pacific. It will challenge the…
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This article reviews recent literature on drought of the last millennium, followed by an update on global…
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ABI (Association of British Insurers) The Financial Risks of Climate Change, ABI Research Paper No 19, 2009
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Le changement climatique peut être une source de dangers du fait d’une modification des milieux directement (eau,…
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This paper produces the first large-scale estimates of the US health related welfare costs due to climate…
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Face aux changements climatiques liés aux activités humaines, l’adaptation s’impose. il reste bien sûr vital et urgent…
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Climate change-induced sea-level rise in the world's 52 small island nations - estimated to be up to…
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Predictions of coastal evolution driven by episodic and persistent processes associated with storms and relative sea-level rise…
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In this paper, we develop the notion of climate systemic risk. Climate change is usually considered as…
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As sea-level rises, the frequency of coastal marine flooding events is changing. For accurate assessments, several other…
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The risks associated with climate change are wide-ranging and could have major economic, political, social and financial…
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The economics of climate change involves a vast array of uncertainties, complicating both the analysis and development…
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Human economies and ecosystems form a coupled system coevolving in time and space, since human economies use…
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Changing flood risks threaten the value of billions of dollars worth of coastal real estate as well…
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Environmental issues provide a rich ground for identifying the existence and consequences of human limitations. In this…
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This paper uses the EMF27 scenarios to explore the role of renewable energy (RE) in climate change…
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Integrated assessment models offer a crucial support to decisionmakers in climate policy making. For a full understanding…
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As with any large complex system involving multifaceted parameters and processes, our planet’s climatological system is a…
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Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise are assessed on a global scale…
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Bootstrap and smoothed bootstrap methods are used to estimate the uncertainty about the total impact of climate…
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We propose an integrated methodology to evaluate the four possible socio-economic costs namely direct/indirect and tangible/intangible costs…
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A conceptual framework integrating different disciplines has been developed to comprehensively evaluate the benefits of risk prevention.…
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The complexity of integrated assessment models (IAMs) prevents the direct appreciation of the impact of uncertainty on…
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In this paper we model the daily average temperature via an extended version of the standard Ornstein…
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In this paper we model the daily average temperature via an extended version of the standard Ornstein…
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Uncertainty plays a key role in the economics of climate change, and the discussions surrounding its implications…
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This paper examines the effectiveness of using a hedging strategy involving a basis derivative instrument to reduce…
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This paper adopts an incomplete market pricing model—the indifference pricing approach—to analyze valuation of weather derivatives and…
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This article has two goals: providing legal and policy analysts with a basic understanding of the types…
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate…
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The European Climate Adaptation Platform (CLIMATE-ADAPT) aims to support Europe in adapting to climate change. It is…
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The site of the World Bank dedicated to climate change.
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A working group of experts from a dozen of the Genava Association Members, complemented by external experts from internationally…
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The Asset Owners Disclosure Project is an independent not-for-profit global organisation whose objective is to protect asset…
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COPERT 4 (COmputer Programme to calculate Emissions from Road Transport) is an application to calculate emissions from…
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Climate change will affect Europe's cities in different ways. To give an overall impression of the challenge…
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A large number of data and maps, including interactive features, shared by the European Environment Agency.
From Weather Underground, scientific data and maps analyzing the climate change.
NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to…
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